Chef arriving at airport

54% Increase in UK Visas Granted to Chefs

The culinary world in the UK is experiencing a significant transformation, as recent analysis from the Financial Times reveals a dramatic shift in the skilled worker visa landscape. For the first time, chefs have overtaken software developers as the most common occupation for migrants arriving on skilled worker visas. This trend, driven by a 54% increase in visas granted to chefs, underscores the evolving dynamics of the job market and highlights the critical role chefs play in the UK’s hospitality sector.

Rising Demand for Chefs

According to the FT’s analysis of new ONS data, in the year leading up to March 2024, 6,203 chefs were granted skilled worker visas, reflecting a substantial rise from the previous year. This surge contrasts sharply with the tech sector, where the number of visas for programmers and software developers has more than halved. The growing need for chefs is indicative of the persistent labour shortages in the lower-paid sectors, despite a slowdown in hiring for white-collar professions.

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Implications for Employers

For employers in the hospitality industry, this data carries significant implications. The rise in chef visas suggests a robust demand for culinary talent, driven by the ongoing recovery and growth in the food and hospitality sectors. However, the increase in minimum salary requirements for skilled worker visas, now set at £38,700 (or £30,800 for younger workers), poses a challenge. The average annual salary for a chef, recorded at £22,877 in April 2023, falls short of this threshold, potentially pricing out many employers from accessing international talent.

Employers must navigate these financial constraints while continuing to attract and retain skilled chefs. This might involve offering competitive salaries, additional benefits, or exploring alternative recruitment strategies to meet the stringent visa requirements.

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Impact on Chefs

For chefs considering relocation to the UK, the current landscape presents both opportunities and challenges. The high demand for skilled chefs, particularly from South Asia, opens doors for those seeking to advance their careers in a dynamic market. In the first three months of 2024 alone, a significant proportion of visas were issued to chefs from India, Bangladesh, and Pakistan. This trend reflects the culinary diversity and skills these chefs bring to the UK, enriching the local food scene.

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However, aspiring chefs must be aware of the new salary thresholds and the broader regulatory environment. Understanding these changes is crucial for making informed career decisions and ensuring compliance with visa requirements.

Looking to the Future

The UK government’s efforts to slash immigration and the recent rule changes highlight a complex and evolving policy landscape. Business groups have expressed scepticism about the feasibility of filling vacancies with unemployed British workers, given the acute labour shortages in the sector. As the government continues to adjust immigration policies, both employers and chefs must stay informed and adaptable.

Employers should consider:

  1. Advocacy and Collaboration: Engaging with industry associations like UKHospitality to advocate for more flexible immigration policies that recognise the unique needs of the hospitality sector.
  2. Investment in Training: Enhancing training programmes to upskill local talent and bridge the gap between demand and supply.
  3. Long-term Workforce Planning: Developing comprehensive workforce strategies that account for potential regulatory changes and economic fluctuations.

For chefs, the focus should be on:

  1. Skill Development: Continuously honing skills to remain competitive and meet the high standards required by UK employers.
  2. Networking and Research: Leveraging professional networks and staying informed about industry trends and policy updates.


The shift in skilled worker visa trends underscores the critical role of chefs in the UK’s hospitality industry amidst ongoing labour shortages. While new immigration rules present challenges, they also offer opportunities for skilled chefs to thrive in a diverse and vibrant market. By staying informed and strategic, both employers and chefs can navigate this evolving landscape successfully, ensuring the continued growth and enrichment of the UK’s culinary scene.